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Menjaga Aset Negeri Sendiri

Saya rasa memang pantas asem Belanda digadang-gadang sebagai salah satu tanaman hutan yang prospektif.

 

Nah, kali ini saya mau membicarakan satu tanaman dari PP Cimanggis BPDAS Citarum-Ciliwung yang saya dapatkan beberapa waktu lalu. Asem Belanda. Mas Adit, petugasnya menyebutkan gorbaril. Saya cari tahu lewat browsing, tapi sulit sekali menemukan informasinya. Tiba giliran identifikasi foto daunnya, saya menemukan nama asem Belanda yang dalam bahasa Latin disebut Pithecellobium dulce.

Aha, ini toh namanya. Penasaran dong. Apa pentingnya dulce buat hutan Indonesia. Seberapa bernilainya dulce ini. Sekali lagi saya hunting lewat Mbah Google. Cari-cari informasinya. Melalui situs https://mojok.co/red/visual/nabati/asem-londo-buah-hasil-mispersepsi/, langsung saya copy paste, Namanya asam Belanda, orang Jawa menyebutnya asem londo. Nama ilmiahnya Pithecellobium dulce. Buahnya dinamakan dari mispersepsi orang Jawa. Namanya asem atau asam, tapi rasanya sama sekali tidak ada asam-asamnya, malah manis seperti permen.

Dinamakan asam Belanda kemungkinan karena bentuknya mirip asem Jawa (Tamarindus indica), buah yang konsisten dari segi nama, dan rasanya. Penamaan asem Belanda ini sesuai dengan fisik daging buahnya yang berwarna putih, warna yang zaman dulu bagi orang Jawa (yang berkulit cokelat) identik dengan warna kulit orang Belanda.

Berbeda dengan asem Jawa yang banyak digunakan sebagai penambah rasa asam dalam makanan, misalnya pada sayur asam atau kadang-kadang kuah pempek. Asem Belanda ini justru jarang digunakan sebagai perasa.

Nah, karena fungsi dalam perkara makanan terlalu minim, fungsi asem Belanda yang mungkin bisa dikulik adalah fungsinya sebagai bahan pengobatan. Seperti diketahui, daun asem Belanda punya manfaat sebagai penyembuh luka luar dan mengobati infeksi.

Asem Belanda juga banyak digunakan sebagai pohon bonsai. Konon, menurut banyak pencinta bonsai, karena penampilan batangnya yang terkesan tua dan daunnya yang bisa mengecil dengan kompak. Selain itu, perawatannya juga tidak terlalu rewel.

Melalui penjelasan Mbah Google ini, saya rasa memang pantas asem Belanda digadang-gadang sebagai salah satu tanaman hutan yang prospektif. Bisa jadi sepuluh tahun mendatang, keistimewaannya menjadi rebutan negara di dunia. Plasma nutfahnya menjadi alternatif pengobatan kelas atas, yang sekarang trend-nya back to nature.

Tinggal pemerintah membuat kebijakan berlapis tentang perlindungan terhadap plasma nutfahnya. Aparat dan masyarakat sama-sama menjaga agar tidak dibawa kabur ke negara lain lewat dalih penelitian yang mengatasnamankan lingkungan.

Ayo jaga aset negeri sendiri.

 

Kang Yudha

Sumber gambar: https://dhenokhastuti.wordpress.com/2012/11/22/asam-jawa-vs-asam-belanda-mengingat-hari-pohon-kemarin/

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Kang Yudha

Kang Yudha

Menjadi guru Sekolah Alam Indonesia sejak tahun 1999. Telah berbagi materi-materi pendidikan di berbagai tempat: Medan, Palembang, Bengkulu, Pekanbaru, Sukabumi, Jakarta - Bogor - Depok - Tangerang - Bekasi, Lombok, Wamena - Papua, (Keningau - Beaufort - Sipitang - Kundasan - Sandakan) Sabah, dan Melbourne. Sejak tahun 2013, mengelola kelas parenting Sekolah Alam Indonesia. Menjadi penggagas komunitas guru menulis (2009). Menjadi penulis duabelas buku yaitu Sekolah yang Membebaskan - Antologi Cerita Komunitas (Kawan Pustaka-2003), Berjuta Bintang di Langit Sekolahku - Antologi Artikel Kelas (Audi Grafika-2004), Misteri Bulan, Belajar Sambil Bertualang (Wahyu Media-2006), Menyusuri Sungai, Belajar Sambil Bertuang (Wahyu Media-2006), Smart Games for Kids - (Wahyu Media-2007), Creative Games for Kids (Wahyu Media-2008), Harmony in Tenacity (SAI Publishing-2009), Character Building (ProU-2013), Belajar Menjadi Pemimpin (SAI Publishing-2015), Alam Terkembang Membawa Kisah (Media Guru-2016), Jejak-Jejak Rindu - Antologi Cerpen (Mandiri Jaya-2018), Menggenggam Semangat Siswa Hebat (Kata Depan-2019). Saat ini juga juga aktif di lembaga Ikatan Guru Indonesia Wilayah Depok. Menjadi Editor Media Guru. Aktivitas lainnya, terlibat lembaga swadaya masyarakat MPPO (Masyarakat Peduli Petani Organik)

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