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Kisah Klasik BPJS

Sejak diluncurkannya program BPJS oleh pemerintah beberapa tahun yang lalu, masyarakat merasa banyak yang merasa terbantu dalam hal pelayanan kesehatan. Badan Penyelenggara Jaminan Sosial yang pertama kali dikenalkan oleh Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono pada tahun 2013 sejatinya bertjuan untuk memudahkan masyarakat dalam mendapatkan akses kesehatan secara memadai.
BPJS merupakan implementasi dari Sistem Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional (SJSN) yang mulai diberlakukan 1 Januari 2014. “Besok (hari ini), tanggal 31 Desember, dengan resmi saya akan meluncurkan kebijakan dan program besar ini,” kata Presiden seusai memimpin rapat kabinet terbatas persiapan terakhir BPJS di Istana Bogor, Senin (30/12/2013).
Benar bahwa tujuan adanya program ini sangat mulia, keberadaan SJSN diharapkan akan melindungi masyarakat dari risiko ekonomi ketika sakit, mengalami kecelakaan kerja, pada hari tua dan pensiun, serta kematian.
Bagaimanapun pemerintah telah mengupayakan perlindungan kesehatan bagi warga negaranya dengan penetapan program SJSN tersebut.
Namun dalam perjalanannya, ternyata program ini menemui banyak kendala. Masalah klasik dan terbesar yang dijumpai dalam pelaksanaan program kesehatan tersebut adalah defisit anggaran. Tercatat hingga bulan September 2018 berdasarkan data BPJS kesehatan, defisit anggaran yang dialami lembaganya sebesar Rp 16,58 triliun. Sementara, Kemenkeu hanya sanggup mencairkan dana talangan sebesar Rp 4,993 triliun. Maka menjadi wajar bila banyak pihak menilai bahwa dana talangan dari pemerintah hanya bisa menutup masalah defisit hingga akhir tahun, dan belum bisa menyelesaikan masalah secara keseluruhan. Dalam hal ini perlu dirumuskan solusi jangka panjang agar persoalan defisit tak terulang kembali.
Tak hanya persoalan defisit anggaran, mekanisme pelaksanaan BPJS di lapangan juga menjadi sorotan banyak pihak. Sebagai contoh adanya ketetapan mengurus rujukan secara runut dari fasilitas kesehatan tipe berjenjang ke atas dianggap merepotkan pasien BPJS yang sedang dalam kondisi darurat membutuhkan pelayanan kesehatan. Sebagai peserta BPJS dan juga pendamping ibu yang peserta Askes, saya pun mengalami hal yang sama. Beberapa kali mengantarkan ibu ke RS untuk berobat, saya mendapati banyak keluhan yang terdengar dari sesama pasien. Bisa dipahami bahwa ini adalah upaya pembenahan yang dilakukan oleh BPJS terhadap sistem yang berlaku. Namun demikian, hal semacam ini masih sulit diterima oleh nalar sederhana dari sebagian masayrakat kita. Terlebih pemberlakuan sistem baru ini belum disosialisasikan kepada masyarakat secara transparan.
Maka masyarakat menaruh harapan besar, adanya sistem pelayanan kesehatan yang lebih baik dan bisa dijangkau oleh semua lapisan masyarakat.

Referensi : https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2013/12/31/0845001/Hari.Ini.Presiden.Luncurkan.BPJS.

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Ratih Nur'aini Lathifah

Ratih Nur'aini Lathifah

Seorang ibu rumah tangga biasa yang punya cara menumpahkan ekspresi melalui tulisan. Buku pertamanya dicetak secara indie pada tahun 2010 dengan judul "Kasih Ibu Menembus Batas". Dua tahun kemudian memenangkan lomba Mother award yang diselenggarakan oleh Adfamilia atas naskah yang ditulis dengan judul sama. Bersama temannya menghasilkan 2 buku masing-masing buku parenting dengan judul "Ya Allah Jadikan Aku Sekolah Terbaik untuk Anakku" yang diterbitkan oleh Qutummedia dan buku " Serpihan Kenangan" yang diterbitkan oleh Quanta Elexmedia Computindo. Punya keinginan mencetak penulis-penulis cilik dengan mengisi Pelatihan Penulis anak-anak bersama salah seorang temannya di Sekolah Alam Indonesia

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